After completing this course, participants should be able to :
- Describe the problem of mass incarceration in the United States and why it exists;
- Suggest ways of reducing incarceration;
- Criticize risk assessment tools and their use in preventive detention programmes.
- Examine the benefits and drawbacks of the death penalty, the exclusionary rule, and the insanity defence.
- Examine the significance of neurological evidence in a criminal case; 6. List some of the reasons why innocent people are wrongfully convicted;
- Discuss the role of race in sentencing as well as police use of force, stop and frisk, and consent searches.
- Describe the various types of surveillance technology available to police officers, as well as the constitutional principles that govern their use.
1. Mass Incarceration
- Incarceration Rates in the United States and Europe
- Legal Reasons for Differences Between U.S. and European Incarceration Rates
- Cultural Reasons for Differences Between U.S. and European Incarceration Rates
- Additional Cultural Reasons for Differences Between U.S. and European Incarceration Rates
- Can Incarceration Trends Be Reversed?
2. Punishment & Prevention
- Introduction: Reducing Reliance on Harsh Prison Terms
- Purposes of Punishment
- The Accuracy of Sentencing Determinations
- Treatment Programs
- The Autonomy Principle
- Pure Preventive Detention
3. Insanity & Neuroscience
- Cases in Which the Insanity Defense is Raised
- Legal Definitions of Defenses Based on Mental Disability
- The Outer Boundaries of Mental State Defenses
- Legal Claims Based on Neuroscience and Neurogenetics
- Mental Disability and Dispositions After Conviction
4. The Death Penalty
- History and Structure of the Death Penalty
- Economics of the Death Penalty & Interrogations
- Eyewitness Identifications
- Labs and Adversarialism
- The Influence of Elections, Jury Confusion, and Race on Death Sentences
5. Police Use of Force
- How Often do Police Use Force and Against Whom?
- The Law of Deadly Force and Stop and Frisk
- The Law of Car Stops and Searches
- The Exclusionary Rule and Damages Remedies
- Oversight Boards, Training, and Structural Reforms
6. Police Surveillance
- The Definition of Search Under the Fourth Amendment
- The Knowing Exposure, General Public Use and Contraband-Specific Doctrines
- The Assumption of Risk Doctrine
- Reasons to Regulate Police Surveillance